So come, let us append to it the verses in which at another time Apollo admires Archilochus, a man who in his own poems employed against women all kinds of foul and unspeakable abuse, which any modest man would not endure even to listen to: Euripides also he admires though he was expelled from the school and philosophy of Socrates, and is caricatured upon the stage even to the present day: besides these Homer also, whom the noble Plato banishes from his own republic, as in no respect profitable, but as having been the author of language which utterly corrupts the young. Acts 7:60 But if he prayed for those who stoned him, how much more for the brethren! Whoever desires to know his arguments before the judge and his answers to the questions of Perennius, and his entire defense before the Senate will find them in the records of the ancient martyrdoms which we have collected. As none of the wild beasts at that time touched her, she was taken down from the stake, and cast again into prison. 40. There is said to be a certain village called Ardabau in that part of Mysia, which borders upon Phrygia. By those historians who were strangers to the faith, the marvel is mentioned, but it is not acknowledged as an answer to our prayers. v. 92.   b 6 cf. 13. 'Or wilt thou add this also, as the other proof at once of his manliness and his friendship with the gods, that having stepped into a sacred chest, and pulled the cover over it, he could not be caught by his pursuers when they wished to drag him out? Dost thou then not understand that he who hears the word "straits" will miss its meaning? Deshalb habe ich ein Buch nach dem anderen überarbeitet und… No. 'THE opinion, said he, that those who preside over the oracles are not gods----for gods ought rightly to be kept free from the affairs of earth----but daemons who are servants of gods, seems to me no unfair assumption. That the daemons whom they worship as gods actually die, XVIII. His actions and his teaching show who this new teacher is. And all in frozen terror gaz'd  He also adds other things by which he fully and abundantly exposes the error of the heresy of which we have been speaking. But in fact they have often attempted this by means of those at various times in power who have made most violent war upon the teaching of our Saviour. And my relatives always observed the day when the people put away the leaven. And in thy sleep thou shalt behold me nigh. 188 b 1 Plutarch, On the Cessation of Oracles, c. xxi. Then all of us feared greatly on account of uncertainty as to their confession; not because we dreaded the sufferings to be endured, but because we looked to the end, and were afraid that some of them might fall away. 'Yet how, most noble god, didst thou, to whom Carnus was so dear, bid him be inspired for others, but not for himself? For in truth "Salamis the holy" would not have been inappropriate even in case of defeat, as being called by such an epithet in compassion: and the naval battle that was to take place either, "When men scatter the seed, or when they gather the harvest,". But by our own people, as friends of the truth, the occurrence is related in a simple and artless manner. But of those Pythian responses which Were most celebrated among the Greeks there was a certain one addressed to Lycurgus, to whom at his coming the Pythoness addressed that famous answer: 'To my rich shrine thou com'st, Lycurgus, dear  Es-pecial thanks are due for the help and inspiration gained from that eminent scholar, and for the light thrown by him upon many difficult passages in those portions of the work. 'Now with regard to the death of such beings, I have heard a story from a man who was no fool nor braggart. Or men who drink fair Arethusa's fount.". At them, however, I do not wonder, that they throw men over for pay; but I do wonder at thee, the god, and at mankind, that they pay to be thrown over. But he, continuing his own refutation, adds to what has been mentioned the following: But to take as it were a handful out of the verses of Empedocles, and to lay sins and frenzies and heaven-sent wanderings upon these daemons, and to imagine them dying deaths like men, I consider too bold and barbaric. The Persecution under Severus CHAPTER 2. Book 19. But why should we say more? 17. So much in regard to Victor. For it is today more than thirteen years since the woman died, and there has been neither a partial nor general war in the world; but rather, through the mercy of God, continued peace even to the Christians. For Thamus was the pilot, an Egyptian, not even known by name to many of those on board. In the tenth year of the reign of Commodus, Victor succeeded Eleutherus, the latter having held the episcopate for thirteen years. 3. But what said he? 'As for example, if a beetle did not spend his life and his old age on that same dunghill on which he was begotten, but fell in with an adverse wind, and a cruel beetle-daemon, who caught him up into the air and carried him away by force to some other land and some other dunghill, and then he came to Delphi and inquired which was the dunghill of his fatherland, and what land would receive him when dead.'. For seven of my relatives were bishops; and I am the eighth. Others, again, drifting into a worse error, consider that there are not only two, but three natures. And they would have utterly perished by the famine, had there not come help from thee, saying that they ought to honour men trained and fattened, who are no less dear to the gods than the oxen which the millers fatten, and by sacrificing which men sometimes win your assent. And if they heard loud-sounding names of men of former times, they would use them for their journey to heaven, that on their arrival they might sit in Olympus among the boxers, in the hall of Zeus. E.H. Gifford (1903) -- Book 5. And he stirred up besides two women, and filled them with the false spirit, so that they talked wildly and unreasonably and strangely, like the person already mentioned. He was the fifteenth in succession from the siege of the Jews under Adrian. For thus they say he is beheld by our eyes, not knowing that what they are attaching to him is the peculiar affection of their own imagination. For if Victor agreed with their opinions, as their slander affirms, how came he to cast out Theodotus, the inventor of this heresy? Croesus a mighty empire shall destroy," 25, overturned the kingdom of Lydia which had come down from a succession of ancestors to the pious king, great and ancient as it was, and rendered to his favoured worshipper this fruit of his extreme zeal towards him. But surely it was no divination of a god to use such ambiguity in ignorance of the future, when he ought to have given help, and appeared opportunely as saviour of the Greeks, and rather to have procured the victory over the enemies and barbarians for the Greeks, as his own friends. Many the shrines of the gods he will give to a fiery destruction. for the Gospel). 'Then the famous Socrates, in answer to him who asked whether he should marry or not, said neither, but that he would repent of both: and to the man who wished for children he said that he would not do right, if, instead of trying how, if he should have children, he might treat them in the best way, he made no account of this but was only considering how he might get them. And he says also that this emperor threatened death to those who brought accusation against us. Theophilus presided at Cæsarea in Palestine; and Narcissus, whom we have mentioned before, still had charge of the church at Jerusalem. These mix with resin, myrrh, and frankincense,  But this Apelles wrote many things, in an impious manner, of the law of Moses, blaspheming the divine words in many of his works, being, as it seemed, very zealous for their refutation and overthrow. To which he adds, if they are still tardy in the dismissal: "Unwrap the linen cloud, and set the prophet free.". 233 a 1 cf. In the same letter of Serapion the signatures of several bishops are found, one of whom subscribes himself as follows: I, Aurelius Cyrenius, a witness, pray for your health. Thy Athena also is worthy of Athena, O brother of Athena! Does a prophet lend on usury? Why, what else, to be sure, except that it sat waiting until some insane men (for I will not say, gods also) should meet with it, and believe it to be fallen not from Zeus, but from Poseidon, and then should carry it off to their town, as if it were some lucky prize, though in reality it was unlucky, and no prize, but a firebrand? On either side play round my radiant brows,  Victorious over everything, they departed to God. And when this abated, the islanders said that one of the higher powers had been extinguished; for as a lamp, they said, while lighted does no harm, but being extinguished is hurtful to many, so great souls are benignant and harmless in their shining, but their extinction and dissolution oftentimes, as now, cause winds and storms, and often infect the air with pestilent diseases. That they cannot withdraw of their own accord, X. The Training of Origen from Childhood CHAPTER 3. Those near him struck him with their hands and feet, regardless of his age; and those at a distance hurled at him whatever they could seize; all of them thinking that they would be guilty of great wickedness and impiety if any possible abuse were omitted. For if we thought that office could confer righteousness upon any one, we should commend him among the first as a presbyter of the church, which is his position. So then, let it be added: 'And inasmuch as there were many persons present, the tale was soon spread in Rome, and Thamus was sent for by Tiberius Caesar. [PORPHYRY] 205 3. 'A medical and not a prophetical answer given to the Athenians when troubled by the burning heat. He wrote also the books De Principiis before leaving Alexandria; and the discourses entitled Stromata, ten in number, he composed in the same city during the reign of Alexander, as the notes by his own hand preceding the volumes indicate. [PORPHYRY] 'IN other cases also ere now some were shown to be servants of certain gods, as Pan of Dionysos: and this has been made clear by Apollo of Branchidae in the following verses. There was a certain confessor, Natalius, not long ago, but in our own day. When men scatter the seed, or when they gather the harvest. And again after a little he says: For if after Quadratus and Ammia in Philadelphia, as they assert, the women with Montanus received the prophetic gift, let them show who among them received it from Montanus and the women. 2. Now no longer a mortal with sacrifice honour him duly.". And the virgin mother had much joy in receiving alive those whom she had brought forth as dead. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. 26. The author of the above-mentioned book, concerning the founder of this heresy, narrates another event which occurred in the time of Zephyrinus, using these words: 8. The lightning drove the enemy to flight and destruction, but a shower refreshed the army of those who had called on God, all of whom had been on the point of perishing with thirst. Which of these forgives the sins of the other? There first, they say, when Gratus was proconsul of Asia, a recent convert, Montanus by name, through his unquenchable desire for leadership, gave the adversary opportunity against him. We have requested our brother and comrade Irenæus to carry this letter to you, and we ask you to hold him in esteem, as zealous for the covenant of Christ. Shall rise, encircled with the festal grace  'For he would say that he was more worthy of the very gifts of the gods than Cleomedes, as being ready to fight not with him alone, even if he were to use thongs of iron, but also with the Thasian boxer, both at once, him I mean on account of whose statue the gods were aggrieved, and made the land of the Thasians barren. Against the so-called Phrygian heresy, the power which always contends for the truth raised up a strong and invincible weapon, Apolinarius of Hierapolis, whom we have mentioned before, and with him many other men of ability, by whom abundant material for our history has been left. 1. 52. I should have thought it of equal importance, whether a Homer or one of the beetles came to consult the god on these points, and that the god could no more have given any guidance on such unknown matters to Homer than to a beetle. Hear ye my bidding, and offer at home in pious devotion  Fly, fly to the ends of creation,  That they are drawn down by incantations, and compelled against their will to serve the designs of men, IX. And so, without telling them anything of what they had come for, thou sentedst them away with the idea that they had heard something good.'. 'On hearing this, Epitherses said they were all struck with amazement, and began to take counsel together, whether it were better to do what was commanded, or not to meddle with the matter, but let it pass; whereupon Thamus decided, that if there should be wind, he would sail past and keep quiet, but if the wind should fail and a calm come on near the place, he would report what he had heard. 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