Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 7(5), 32-39. retrieved from www.iiste.org. Maniriho, A. capitals/assets. The data used for this study were collected from nine villages of Kembata Tambaro Zone through personal interview using structured MSc. Results show that nonfarm livelihoods contribute 63 % of household income. The study conducted in the state of West Bengal has identified the determinants and constraints to livelihood diversification among different livelihood groups. means of livelihood, while 34.85% did not diversify. Policy recommendations include focusing on households with young people, providing support for social capital and policy coherence to guarantee basic needs and tourism planning design. In recent years, her research has been focused on the analysis of economic instruments and different alternatives for natural resource preservation, seeking an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from preservation policies in Colombia and Mexico. PhD in Environmental Economics and Ecosystem Management in York University, United Kingdom. The results show that livelihood assets have been unequally distributed, with FH possessing the least assets; however, FH are better than UHH and SHH in the diversification of livelihood activities. Policies should focus on young households, social capital and policy coherence. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Government transfers is crucial for households involved in wildlife tourism. Participation in nonfarm activities is one of the livelihood strategies among poor rural households … Wildlife tourism depends on households age, land, organization, environmental consciousness. Education, household size, and income were significant predictors of diversification. Within a gender perspective, this study analysed the determinants of livelihood diversification among farmers in the northern regions of Ghana. Full time Researcher in the Economics Research Institute at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). The results reveal four common variables distributed between capitals and specify that average household age, environmental consciousness, characteristics of the land, membership or participation in an organization (cooperative) and government transfers are determinants of a household's diversification into wildlife tourism. Results reveal that households choose multiple livelihood options. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. Determinants of livelihood diversification strategies in Eastern Tigray Region of Ethiopia Abstract. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Sierra Papacal, C.P. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021. Based on household surveys, two econometric models were used to … We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Therefore, the identification of factors that are necessary for livelihood diversification are crucial. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … Policy recommendations include focusing on households with young people, providing support for social capital and policy coherence to guarantee basic needs and tourism planning design. Livelihood diversification is a strategy to avoid the risk associated with shocks and to improve livelihood security. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. She has also studied ecosystem services valuation and socio-ecological systems resilience to climatic stressors. A Dissertation Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Agriculture (Agricultural Economics) MUNHENGA DANIEL. In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope... Background. However, little has been done on the determinants of choice of alternative sets of strategies by households as well as the livelihood strategies chosen by resettled households. Anshiso, D., & Shiferaw, M. (2016). PhD in Natural Resource Economics and Sustainable Development from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries Ellis, Frank 2000-05-01 00:00:00 The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. Based on household surveys, two econometric models were used to examine the differences regarding the asset determinants for those households increasing the number of economic activities and those involved in wildlife tourism. PhD in Natural Resource Economics and Sustainable Development from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Parque Científico Tecnológico Yucatán. However, … However, livelihood diversification is determined by different factors in the study area. livelihood diversification strategies in developing countries. Abstract Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021. Diversification is determined by specific households assets. Diversification is determined by specific households assets. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. The Simpson Index of Diversity shows moderate diversification (0.42) indicating a complementary role of farm and nonfarm activities. In recent years, her research has been focused on studying the diversification of rural households, as a way to understand from a broad perspective how to promote sustainable wildlife tourism. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. Also, there was no study conducted in this area concerning the question of what were the determinants of their livelihood diversification activities by study households. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. Parque Científico Tecnológico Yucatán. 97302, Mérida, Yucatán, México. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. From 13 hypothesized explanatory variables, 5 variables were found to have significant effect in determining diversification of household livelihood decisions. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. MSc. Government transfers is crucial for households involved in wildlife tourism. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. The extent of such diversification away from agriculture may be an indicator of the degree to which farming operations can provide a secure and improving livelihood. Teléfono: (+52–999) 6885300 Ext 1008. In recent years, her research has been focused on the analysis of economic instruments and different alternatives for natural resource preservation, seeking an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from preservation policies in Colombia and Mexico. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. Msc in Tropical Coastal Management in University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom and Biologist from National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Permanent Address: Cátedra Conacyt – CentroGeo. Some. Gender, marital status, poverty status, primary occupation and membership of association were significant factors that influenced livelihood diversification of the rural households in the study area. By applying a framework of livelihood diversification, this paper presents a comparative analysis of the characteristics and determinants of the diversification of the three household types. Livelihood diversification is one of the essential climate adaptation strategies with positive outcomes on household’s standard of living. Livelihood diversification by agricultural households in sub-Saharan Africa contributes significantly to household income. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. This is the approach taken in this paper. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Sierra Papacal, C.P. Thus, the aim of this study is to identify the determinants of livelihood diversification strategies at household level. In Environmental and Natural Resource Economics from Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia) – University of Maryland (USA); and Forestry Engineering from Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas (Colombia). Determinants of rural livelihood diversifications in Ethiopia In Ethiopia, different determinants of rural livelihood diversification strategies were identified. Downloadable! PhD in Environmental Economics and Ecosystem Management in York University, United Kingdom. The study concludes that the farm sources of income contribute more to the livelihood of the rural people than the non-farm sources of income and hence having play crucial role in the reduction of poverty. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. In Environmental and Natural Resource Economics from Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia) – University of Maryland (USA); and Forestry Engineering from Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas (Colombia). 97302, Mérida, Yucatán, México. The results reveal four common variables distributed between capitals and specify that average household age, environmental consciousness, characteristics of the land, membership or participation in an organization (cooperative) and government transfers are determinants of a household's diversification into wildlife tourism. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Determinants of livelihood diversification: The case wildlife tourism in four coastal communities in Oaxaca, Mexico. According to the diverse local context studied, she has worked to link through socio-ecological systems framework social, cultural and institutional elements with economic and environmental local characteristics. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. the determinants of livelihood diversification decision can vary from one local area to another and/or community to community. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. In recent years, her research has been focused on studying the diversification of rural households, as a way to understand from a broad perspective how to promote sustainable wildlife tourism. Wildlife tourism depends on households age, land, organization, environmental consciousness. Abstract. The study identifies socio-economic determinants of livelihood choices of rural households in Bangladesh (4,195 households from 139 villages) by applying a multinomial logit model of occupational choice and a multivariate Tobit model that allows for jointness in decision making. livelihood diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification. Teléfono: (+52–999) 6885300 Ext 1008. Km 5. 2007). According to the diverse local context studied, she has worked to link through socio-ecological systems framework social, cultural and institutional elements with economic and environmental local characteristics. Analysing determinants of livelihood diversification choices, to better understand household strategic behaviour in the event of climatic risks and other shocks, is important for the formulation … Abstract. Based on household surveys, two econometric models were used to examine the differences regarding the asset determinants for those households increasing the number of economic activities and those involved in wildlife tourism. DETERMINANTS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ DIVERSIFICATION OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES: A CASE OF INTSIKA YETHU FARMERS OF THE EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA. Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. Permanent Address: Cátedra Conacyt – CentroGeo. Diversification of farmers’ income sources beyond agriculture can be an effective way to cope with the adverse impacts of environmental change. Carretera Sierra Papacal - Chuburná Pto. Due to this in most African and Asian countries, including Ethiopia, migration from rural to Those determinants were classified into five types of livelihood assets/capitals, namely, human, financial, social, natural, and physical capital. Binary Logit model was employed in identifying the determinants of rural livelihood diversification decision. The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. Lack of capital, poor infrastructures, lack of access to credit service, lack of access to. Over the last three decades there has been increased interest in literature on the subject. Livelihood diversification can be seen as an attempt by individuals and households to find 121 new ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risk (Haggablade et al. Rural Livelihood Diversification Status and Determinant Factors in Arsi, Ethiopia livelihoods, as copping strategy for changing climatic conditions landlessness due to population pressure in the rural areas. & Nilsson, P., 2018, ‘Determinants of livelihood diversification among rwandan households: The role of education, ICT and Urbanization’, East Africa Research Papers in … . Livelihood diversification would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Determinants of livelihood diversification: The case wildlife tourism in four coastal communities in Oaxaca, Mexico. Therefore, there is need to sensitize rural Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. By applying a framework of livelihood diversification, this paper presents a comparative analysis of the characteristics and determinants of the diversification of the three household types. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. She has also studied ecosystem services valuation and socio-ecological systems resilience to climatic stressors. Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification: The Case of Rural Households in Lemmo District, Hadiyya Zone of Southern Ethiopia. Household determinants of livelihood diversification choices. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. 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